Giacomo Meyerbeer PDF ePub eBook

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Giacomo Meyerbeer free pdf This volume presents the various pieces of music - from fragments, through complete pieces, to whole scenes - that were not used in the final performing edition of Meyerbeer's "L'Africaine". The genesis of Meyerbeer's last opera is something of a legend. He had first considered the subject in 1837 when Scribe presented him with two new drafts, intended to clinch the triumphant successes of Robert le Diable (1831) and Les Huguenots (1836). The composer began composing "Le Prophete" immediately, but had the other project, "L'Africaine", ever in his mind. By 1843 a piano score was ready, but the subject as it stood then, concerning Fernando da Soto's explorations in West Africa, did not satisfy Meyerbeer. Scribe was asked to rewrite the libretto in 1851, with the hero changed to Vasco da Gama, and focused on his epic voyage around the Cape of Good Hope to India. A new contract was signed in 1857, and the greater part of the opera was written between 1857 and 1863, in spite of the Meyerbeer's growing debility. Meyerbeer died on 2 May 1864, the day after the completion of the copying of the full score of Vasco da Gama. The rehearsal period was always a time of radical revision and excision for the composer, and he left a verbal request that the work should not be produced if he were not alive to supervise it. Minna Meyerbeer and Cesar-Victor Perrin, the director of the Opera, however, entrusted the editing of a performing edition to the famous Belgian musicologist Francois-Joseph Fetis, while the libretto was revised by Melesville. Because of the long public expectation, the editors restored the original title, and attempted to reconcile this to the Hindu elements of the action by shifting the action to the island of Madagascar. "L'Africaine" was produced on 28 April 1865, a glorious posthumous tribute to Scribe and Meyerbeer. Much of the music and action was suppressed, in spite of the resultant strain on the internal logic of the story. The opera caused tremendous enthusiasm, and became enormously popular, being staged 60 times in the first four seasons, and eventually receiving 485 performances in Paris until the end of the century. The Ship Scene, the exotic Indian act, and the finale under the Manchineel Tree exerted a fascination on audiences, and elicited new praise. The work began a triumphal progress through the world, beginning with the big stages of London and Berlin. In its glorious vocal writing, resplendent orchestral colouring and fragrant exoticism, it was a source of delight to many - like Franz Liszt, who produced two books of transcriptions from the work. Fetis edited a performing edition of the score, subsequently used all over the world. However, most of Meyerbeer's manuscript was reproduced intact in the orchestral score printed by G. Brandus

About Robert Ignatius Letellier

Robert Ignatius Letellier was born in Natal, and educated in Grahamstown, Cambridge, Salzburg, Rome and Jerusalem. He is a member of Trinity College (Cambridge), the Salzburg Centre for Research in the Early English Novel (University of Salzburg), the Maryvale Institute (Birmingham), and the Institute for Continuing Education at Madingley Hall (Cambridge). His publications include books and articles on the late-seventeenth-, eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century novel (particularly the Gothic Novel and Sir Walter Scott), the Bible, and European culture, with emphasis on the Romantic opera and ballet. He has specialized in the work of Giacomo Meyerbeer (a four-volume English edition of his diaries, a collection of critical and biographical studies, a guide to research, and two readings of the operas, as well as compiling and introducing editions of the complete libretti and non-operatic texts). He has also written on the ballets of Ludwig Minkus.

Details Book

Author : Robert Ignatius Letellier
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Data Published : 01 June 2009
ISBN : 1443806153
EAN : 9781443806152
Format Book : PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
Number of Pages : 250 pages
Age + : 15 years
Language : English
Rating :

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    . This volume presents the various pieces of music - from fragments, through complete pieces, to whole scenes - that were not used in the final performing edition of Meyerbeer's "L'Africaine". The gen