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Scott free pdf Despite the limited scale of operations, both the War of 1812 and the U.S.-Mexican War profoundly shaped the United States, first permitting and then consummating vast territorial expansion that had reverberations for American politics, economics, and culture. The senior Regular Army officers of the war with Mexico were nearly all veterans of the earlier conflict with Britain and had worked diligently to reform the Army to prevent a repetition of the disasters of 1812-14. The most senior of these officers was Winfield Scott, who commanded a brigade in the Niagara campaign of 1814 and later was the Army's commanding general from 1841 until his death. He commanded what became the decisive American offensive of the war with Mexico, the invasion of central Mexico. In doing so, Scott surpassed his predecessors strategically, operationally, and tactically, engaging in the largest American siege operation to date and winning five battles on his way from Veracruz, where he commanded an amphibious landing on a scale then unprecedented in U.S. history, to Mexico City. Employing superior reconnaissance and a variety of tactical methods while advancing audaciously despite uncertain lines of communication, Scott established his reputation during the Mexican campaign as the greatest American general between George Washington and the Civil War. Samuel Watson's study examines Scott's role during the War of 1812, in which the young American army often demonstrated potential but seldom translated it into strategic and tactical success. He also addresses the interwar period, focusing on the reforms enacted and noting how Scott's experiences with peacekeeping, diplomacy, and failure in the first campaign of the Seminole War in the 1830's influenced his generalship in Mexico. Finally, he looks at the Mexican campaign and offers conclusions on the evolution of American higher command and military capability prior to the Civil War.

About Samuel Watson

Samuel Watson, Ph.D., is assistant professor of history at the United States Military Academy at West Point and is the author of U.S. Army Officers in the Borderlands of the Early Republic. He lives in Highland Falls, New York.

Details Book

Author : Samuel Watson
Publisher : Brassey's US
Data Published : 01 December 2004
ISBN : 1574887475
EAN : 9781574887471
Format Book : PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
Number of Pages : 160 pages
Age + : 15 years
Language : English
Rating :

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    . Despite the limited scale of operations, both the War of 1812 and the U.S.-Mexican War profoundly shaped the United States, first permitting and then consummating vast territorial expansion that had