Blood Sugar Self-Management PDF ePub eBook

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Blood Sugar Self-Management free pdf What is Blood Sugar? - The blood sugar (glucose) level is the amount of sugar (glucose) present in the blood of human or animals. When blood sugar (glucose) level rises too high, it's called hyperglycemia. When blood sugar (glucose) level drops too low, it's called hypoglycemia. Basic Facts about Blood Sugar (Glucose) and Insulin: --Glucose (a simple sugar) is the primary source of energy for the cells of the body. Glucose comes from the foods (carbohydrates) we eat. Body converts the carbohydrates into sugar. It is also formed and stored inside the body. After meals, adequate quantity of insulin hormone is automatically released by pancreas. Blood carries the glucose from the intestines or liver to body cells. Insulin makes it possible for cells to take in the glucose from blood. In other words, insulin helps absorption of glucose by cells. Level of blood sugar starts dropping soon after it starts entering the cell. Blood sugar levels fluctuate throughout the day. MEASUREMENT OF BLOOD SUGAR 1. milligram/deciliter (mg/dL) -- Blood sugar is measured in milligram/deciliter. 2. millimols/litre (mmol/L) -- Blood sugar is also measured in millimols/litre (mmol/L). millimols/litre (mmol/L) is also called milimolars (mM) Note: 1mmol/L is equivalent to 18 mg/dL. 3. DCCT HbA1c (%) -- Blood sugar levels over the last 3 months are measured through an A1C test. Finding is represented as a percentage. The range may fall in between 4-15%. Red blood cells in our body may last up to 3 months (or 12 weeks) before getting regenerated. Therefore, average of glycated hemoglobin in blood over 3 months is taken for discerning the average blood glucose level. DCCT stands for Diabetes Control and Complications Trial. 4. IFCC HbA1c (mmol/mol) -- Findings of A1C Test may also be represented in millimols/mole (mmol/mol). IFCC stands for International Federation of Clinical Chemistry. NOTE: IFCC HBA1c (mmol/mol) = [DCCT HBA1c (%) - 2.15] * 10.929 WHAT IS HBA1C? -- HbA1c Refers to Glycated hemoglobin. Glycated hemoglobin is measured to identify the average plasma glucose concentration over prolonged periods of time. Glucose molecules are inclined to attach to the hemoglobin in red blood cells and form the glycated hemoglobin Lower levels of glucose produce a lower amount of glycated hemoglobin. Normal levels of glucose produce a normal amount of glycated hemoglobin. Higher levels of glucose produce a higher amount of glycated hemoglobin. 02. Different Stages of Blood Sugar -- Level of blood sugar (glucose) in your body changes throughout the day and night. Blood sugar depends on quantity and timing of food you have eaten. More importantly it depends on what you have eaten. SITUATION 1: Fasting Glucose Level / Glucose Level Before Meals [Pre Prandial] Following are the different ranges of blood sugar after 8-10 hours of fasting (generally before meals in the morning) in mg/dL, mmol/L, DCCT HbA1c (%) and IFFCC HbA1c (mmol/mol). Low blood sugar -- Less than 70 mg/dL Or Less than 3.9 mmol/L Or Less than 4% DCCT HbA1c (%) Or Less than 20.2% IFCC HbA1c (mmol/mol) Normal blood sugar -- 71 mg/dL to 99 mg/dL Or 3.9 mmol/L to 5.4 mmol/L Or 4.1% DCCT HbA1c (%) to 4.9% HbA1c (%) Or 20.3% IFCC HbA1c (mmol/mol) to 31.0% IFCC HbA1c (mmol/mol) Above normal blood sugar -- 100 mg/dL to 126 mg/dL Or 5.5 mmol/L to 7.0 mmol/L Or 5.0 DCCT HbA1c (%) to 5.7 DCCT HbA1c (%) Or 31.1 IFCC HbA1c (mmol/mol) to 38.8 IFCC HbA1c (mmol/mol) High blood sugar -- 127 mg/dL to 169 mg/dL Or 7.1 mmol/L to 9.4 mmol/L Or 5.8 DCCT HbA1c (%) to 6.9 DCCT HbA1c (%) Or 38.9 IFCC HbA1c (mmol/mol) to 51.9 IFCC HbA1c (mmol/mol)

About MR Manik Joshi

Manik Joshi, the author of this book was born on Jan 26, 1979 at Ranikhet and is permanent resident of Haldwani, Kumaon zone of India. He is science graduate with ZBC (zoology, botany, and chemistry) subjects. He is also an MBA (with specialization in marketing). He has done three diploma courses in computer too. is the personal website of the author.

Details Book

Author : MR Manik Joshi
Publisher : Createspace
Data Published : 25 April 2015
ISBN : 1512209570
EAN : 9781512209570
Format Book : PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
Number of Pages : 64 pages
Age + : 15 years
Language : English
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