Democratic Decentralisation Through a Natural Resource Lens PDF ePub eBook

Books Info:

Democratic Decentralisation Through a Natural Resource Lens free pdf Since the mid-1980s, most developing countries launched decentralization reforms. At least sixty claim to be devolving some natural resource management functions. These reforms are lauded for their potential to increase efficiency, equity, democracy and resource sustainability in the local arena. But what is taking place in the name of decentralization? Is the discourse on decentralization being codified in law? Are the laws being translated into practice? What are the effects of the reforms that are taking place? Natural resource decentralizations provide powerful insights into these questions-for natural resource decentralizations and for decentralizations writ large. Natural resources are a major point of conflict and cooperation between local people and national governments and elites. They are an important source of both national wealth and local livelihoods and, hence, a historical a point of struggle between rural people and elites. As such, they are a lens into the contentious relations and negotiations that constitute decentralization reforms. More significantly, because of their significance to local people, natural resources are also key to the success of decentralization reforms. They provide powers to local authorities that can help to make these authorities relevant and legitimate. But, their devolution meets resistance because it threatens central authorities and elites who fear losing income or patronage resources. This volume queries the state and effect of the global decentralization movement through the study of natural resource decentralizations in Africa, Asia and Latin America. The case studies presented here use a comparative framework to characterize the degree to which natural resource decentralizations can be said to be taking place and, where possible, to measure their social and environmental consequences. In general, the cases show that threats to national-level interests are producing resistance that is fettering the struggle for reform. They also, however, show that even these fettered reforms can be pulled along by local demand. Where do we go from here? Though the particular circumstances and needs vary from country to country, the authors conclude that an important first step forward would be to implement the decentralization experiment- open public dialogues with governments, development institutions, NGOs and local communities about the appropriate division of powers- build representative locally accountable institutions- and create multiple channels that grass roots movements and individuals can use to influence the authorities who wield power over them. This volume was previously published as a special issue of the European Journal of Development Research.

About Jesse C Ribot

Jesse C. Ribot is a Senior Associate in the Institutions and Governance Program at the World Resources Institute (WRI). He currently directs WRI's Africa Decentralization and Environment Initiative. He has conducted research on environmental justice, social vulnerability in the face of climate change, the social structure of resource access, and the effects of rural-urban resource markets on local livelihoods. Ribot has also worked on local environmental governance issues with the World Bank, the United Nations Capital Development Fund, the Dutch Government and USAID, and has advised governments across Africa. Anne M. Larson is a Research Associate of the Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia, and the Nitlapan Institute for Research and Development of the Central American University in Managua, Nicaragua. She has published articles in World Development and Public Administration and Development, as well as a book on local forest management in Nicaragua in Spanish, and worked extensively on the recently-published book Municipal Forest Management in Latin America (ed. Ferroukhi, 2003).

Details Book

Author : Jesse C Ribot
Publisher : Routledge
Data Published : 01 September 2004
ISBN : 0415347866
EAN : 9780415347860
Format Book : PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
Number of Pages : 272 pages
Age + : 15 years
Language : English
Rating :

Reviews Democratic Decentralisation Through a Natural Resource Lens



17 Comments Add a comment




Related eBooks Download


  • The Theories of Decentralization and Local Government free pdfThe Theories of Decentralization and Local Government

    Theories of Decentralization and Local Government brings fresh perspective to the debate and comparative analysis of vertical division of power- i.e. processes of decentralization and relations between central and local (self) governments..


  • Encyclopedia of Natural Resources free pdfEncyclopedia of Natural Resources

    With unprecedented attention on global change. the current debate revolves around the availability and sustainability of natural resources and how to achieve equilibrium between what society demands from natural environments and what the natural resource base can provide..


  • Public and Private in Natural Resource Governance free pdfPublic and Private in Natural Resource Governance

    Natural resources have historically been considered as being governed by public or private interests - that is. by the state on behalf of the people. or by companies or individuals driven by the market..


  • Managing Natural Resources free pdfManaging Natural Resources

    Natural resource management and sustainable development has. of late. assumed great importance. especially because of ecological crisis and environmental dangers which are looming large..


  • Local Politics and Democratization in Russia free pdfLocal Politics and Democratization in Russia

    This comprehensive study of local politics in Russia shows that the key reforms of local government. and the struggle to forge viable grassroots democracies have been inextricably linked to the wider struggle for power between the regions and the Kremlin..


  • Democratic Decentralisation Through a Natural Resource Lens free pdfDemocratic Decentralisation Through a Natural Resource Lens

    Ebooks Free Download. Since the mid-1980s, most developing countries launched decentralization reforms. At least sixty claim to be devolving some natural resource management functions. These reforms a