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Everyman's Library free pdf Excerpt from Everyman's Library: Classical Aristotle in the Poetics refers to "Socratic discourses" as a form of poetic imitation, and he seems to regard them as genuine poetry in spite of their not being written in metre. Other evidence makes it abundantly clear that in the first half of the fourth century this new form of literature sprang into being, the writings of "those whose habit was to praise Socrates," as Isocrates calls them. Xenophon refers to them in Memorabilia IV, c. iii. We know some of their names - Alexamenus, Antisthenes, AEschines, Polycrates, Phaaedo. But of all this mass of literature which centred round the character of Socrates, only two writers have left discourses which have come down to us - Plato and Xenophon. This volume contains the Memorabilia, Apology, and Symposium of Xenophon and five dialogues of Plato. These are but a minority of the discourses written round the name of Socrates by Xenophon and Plato, and only a very small part of the literature of which Socrates was the source. It is, perhaps, unique in literary history that a single life should form the subject of a new form of writing. The Gospels are the nearest parallel. We know from the opening words of St. Luke's Gospel that "many took in hand to set forth in a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us." But the Gospels had, as these words witness, primarily a historical or strictly biographical purpose. The Socratic discourses were poetry, not history. No doubt all went back somehow to the historical Socrates, but the dialogues we possess are enough to prove that they must have done so in very different ways. The philosophy of Plato is contained in dialogues in all of which, with one exception, Socrates is a speaker. For the Socratic discourse became in his hands the medium of his philosophical expression. Xenophon also expresses his own opinions in the form of a Socratic conversation in the Economist. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully- any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works."

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Details Book

Author : Plato
Publisher : Forgotten Books
Data Published : 27 September 2015
ISBN : 1331586070
EAN : 9781331586074
Format Book : PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
Number of Pages : 394 pages
Age + : 15 years
Language : English
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    . Excerpt from Everyman's Library: Classical Aristotle in the Poetics refers to "Socratic discourses" as a form of poetic imitation, and he seems to regard them as genuine poetry in spite of their not