The Animal Mind; A Text-Book of Comparative Psychology PDF ePub eBook

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The Animal Mind; A Text-Book of Comparative Psychology free pdf This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1909 edition. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER XIII Some Aspects Of Attention The student absorbed in reading "does not hear" an approaching footstep. That is, a stimulus which would under other circumstances produce an effect loses a great part of its influence because of the fact that another stimulus is already upon the field. This other stimulus need not be more intense, that is, need not involve more physical energy, than the one which is gnored. It does not win the victory by a mere swamping of its rival through its superior quantity. A man may walk along city streets, his eyes and ears bombarded with brilliant lights and loud sounds, and yet the centre of his consciousness may be a train of ideas, representing in their physical accompaniment in his cortex a quantity of energy insignificant compared with that of the external stimuli pouring in upon him. Psychologists commonly express this fact by saying that while the strength of a stimulus conditions the intensity of the mental process accompanying it, the clearness of that process depends upon attention. 96. The Interference of Stimuli Attention, then, is the name given to a device, whatever its nature, whereby one stimulus has its effectiveness increased over that of another whose physical energy may be greater. What happens in the simpler forms of animal life when two stimuli, requiring different reactions, operate simultaneously? We may quote from Jennings the facts about Paramecium. "If the animal is at rest against a mass of vegetable matter or a bit of paper, . . . and it is then struck with the tip of a glass rod, we find that at first it may not react to the latter stimulus at all." "A strong blow on the anterior end causes the animal to leave the solid and give the typical avoiding reaction." "If..."

About Margaret Floy Washburn

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Details Book

Author : Margaret Floy Washburn
Publisher : Theclassics.Us
Data Published : 12 September 2013
ISBN : 1230298746
EAN : 9781230298740
Format Book : PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
Number of Pages : 100 pages
Age + : 15 years
Language : English
Rating :

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