A Tale of Two Colonies PDF ePub eBook

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A Tale of Two Colonies free pdf In 1609, two years after its English founding, colonists struggled to stay alive in a tiny fort at Jamestown.John Smith fought to keep order, battling both English and Indians. When he left, desperate colonists ate lizards, rats, and human flesh. Surviving accounts of the "Starving Time" differ, as do modern scholars' theories. Meanwhile, the Virginia-bound "Sea Venture" was shipwrecked on Bermuda, the dreaded, uninhabited "Isle of Devils." The castaways' journals describe the hurricane at sea as well as murders and mutinies on land. Their adventures are said to have inspired Shakespeare's "The Tempest. " A year later, in 1610, the Bermuda castaways sailed to Virginia in two small ships they had built. They arrived in Jamestown to find many people in the last stages of starvation- abandoning the colony seemed their only option. Then, in what many people thought was divine providence, three English ships sailed into Chesapeake Bay. Virginia was saved, but the colony's troubles were far from over. Despite glowing reports from Virginia Company officials, disease, inadequate food, and fear of Indians plagued the colony. The company poured thousands of pounds sterling and hundreds of new settlers into its venture but failed to make a profit, and many of the newcomers died. Bermuda--with plenty of food, no native population, and a balmy climate--looked much more promising, and in fact, it became England's second New World colony in 1612. In this fascinating tale of England's first two New World colonies, Bernhard links Virginia and Bermuda in a series of unintended consequences resulting from natural disaster, ignorance of native cultures, diplomatic intrigue, and the fateful arrival of the first Africans in both colonies. Written for general as well as academic audiences, "A Tale of Two Colonies" examines the existing sources on the colonies, sets them in a transatlantic context, and weighs them against circumstantial evidence. From diplomatic correspondence and maps in the Spanish archives to recent archaeological discoveries at Jamestown, Bernhard creates an intriguing history. To weave together the stories of the two colonies, which are fraught with missing pieces, she leaves nothing unexamined: letters written in code, adventurers' narratives, lists of Africans in Bermuda, and the minutes of committees in London. Biographical details of mariners, diplomats, spies, Indians, Africans, and English colonists also enrich the narrative. While there are common stories about both colonies, Bernhard shakes myth free from truth and illuminates what is known--as well as what we may never know--about the first English colonies in the New World.

About Virginia Bernhard

Virginia Bernhard, Professor Emerita of History at the University of St. Thomas in Houston, Texas, is the author or editor of seven books. Her most recent book is "Slaves and Slaveholders in Bermuda, 1616-1782" (University of Missouri Press). She lives in Houston.

Details Book

Author : Virginia Bernhard
Publisher : University of Missouri Press
Data Published : 14 May 2014
ISBN : 0826272576
EAN : 9780826272577
Format Book : PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
Number of Pages : 234 pages
Age + : 15 years
Language : English
Rating :

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