Kami Ways in Nationalist Territory PDF ePub eBook

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Kami Ways in Nationalist Territory free pdf English summary: Shinto is often regarded as Japan's indigenous religion retaining archaic elements of animism and nature worship. At the same time, Shinto is sometimes seen as nothing else than a nationalistic political ideology. After all, in 1868 Japan turned into a modern nation state and worship at Shinto shrines became a national cult. This so-called State Shinto was eventually abolished under the Allied Occupation in 1946 but the historical links between Shinto and Japanese nationalism led to an ambiguous evaluation of Shinto not only at the popular level but also at the level of scientific research. The present volume comprises eight essays by leading experts of Japanese intellectual history from Japan, Europe, and the USA who tackle this issue from the point of view of research history: What is the impact of State Shinto on Shinto research before and after the Second World War? How did Japanese and international scholars contribute and/or react to the ideological framework of Japanese nationalism? How did nationalist discourses of other countries (in particular German National Socialism) influence the representation of Shinto? As each essay addresses these issues from a specific angle, it becomes clear that there never was just one ideology of State Shinto. Moreover, the emphasis on Shinto ritual by the political authorities weakened the significance of academic research of Shinto as a tool of propaganda. Regarding the concept of Shinto proper, the impact of modern, "westernized" religious studies seems at least as important as traditional, "nativist" approaches. German description: Shinto wird oft als einheimische Religion Japans angesehen, in der sich archaische animistische oder naturreligiose Elemente bis heute bewahrt haben. Zugleich wird Shinto auch als nationalistische politische Ideologie charakterisiert. Dies geht auf die Zeit nach 1868 zuruck, als Japan sich in einen modernen Nationalstaat wandelte und dabei die Verehrung von Shinto-Schreinen zum nationalen Kult erklarte. Dieser sogenannte Staatsshinto wurde 1946 unter der alliierten Besatzung zwar abgeschafft, doch die historischen Verbindungen zwischen Shinto und dem Nationalismus hinterliessen sowohl in der popularen als auch in der wissenschaftlichen Wahrnehmung des Shinto ein ambivalentes Bild. Der vorliegende Band enthalt acht Beitrage fuhrender Experten der japanischen Geistesgeschichte aus Japan, Europa und den USA, die diesen Fragen aus wissenschaftsgeschichtlicher Perspektive nachgehen: Welchen Einfluss ubte der Staatsshinto auf die Shinto-Forschung vor und nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg aus? Wie reagierten japanische und internationale Gelehrte auf die ideologischen Bedingungen des japanischen Nationalismus, inwiefern trugen sie dazu bei? Wie weit pragten nationalistische Diskurse anderer Lander (insbesondere der Nationalsozialismus) die Darstellung des Shinto? Aus den verschiedenen Blickwinkeln der einzelnen Beitrage wird deutlich, dass es keine einheitliche Ideologie des Staatsshinto gab. Die Betonung der rituellen Aspekte des Shinto durch die politischen Eliten fuhrte vielmehr dazu, dass die akademische Shinto-Forschung als Mittel nationalistischer Propaganda von vergleichsweise geringer Bedeutung war. Fur die Konzeptualisierung des Shinto selbst waren die modernen, awestlichen Religionswissenschaften anscheinend ebenso wichtig wie traditionelle, anativistische Ansatze.

About Professor of Japanese History Kate Wildman Nakai

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Details Book

Author : Professor of Japanese History Kate Wildman Nakai
Publisher : Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
Data Published : 05 June 2013
ISBN : 3700174004
EAN : 9783700174004
Format Book : PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
Number of Pages : 277 pages
Age + : 15 years
Language : English
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  • Kami Ways in Nationalist Territory free pdfKami Ways in Nationalist Territory

    Free Online Books To Read. English summary: Shinto is often regarded as Japan's indigenous religion retaining archaic elements of animism and nature worship. At the same time, Shinto is sometimes seen