The Canadian Magazine, Vol. 55 PDF ePub eBook

Books Info:

The Canadian Magazine, Vol. 55 free pdf Excerpt from The Canadian Magazine, Vol. 55: Toronto, May, 1920- The Legal Minimum Wage The idea of regulating wages bylaw is not in any sense a novel one nor peculiar to the period in which we live. This will be apparent from a consideration of certain aspects of the economic history of England, previous to the beginning of the nineteenth century. Before the Norman Conquest and for a long time afterwards the manor was the great institution around which the economic life of England centred. The lord owned all the land in the neighborhood of his manor, and under him was a body of serfs. The amount of services rendered by the serfs to the lord of the manor, and the remunerations given for these services, were not matters of free contract but of custom and manorial regulation. As time went on a new class arose in the economic life of the country, comprising the artisans who, as the name implies, did not cultivate the soil, but manufactured articles for general use. Large numbers of this class, having been brought up under the influence of manorial custom, felt in their new pursuits that their constantly increasing numbers made necessary some sort of regulation such as that to which they had grown accustomed- and herein we find the motive for the establishment of the first Merchant Guilds. These organizations regulated the conditions under which their members work ed, the quality of the product turned out, and the price which they were to receive for it. But the one central purpose of all these regulations was to secure for members a sufficient income. At a later period, as greater numbers of unpropertied workmen flocked to the towns and cities, the Merchant builds became more and more exclusive, the idea being to prevent the different trades from becoming overcrowded. Bitter feeling was thus developed between the Merchant Guilds and the craftsmen who were debarred membership, and this feeling found impression in the rise of a new organization known as the Craft Guild. As in the case of the older Guild, the main object of the new one was to enable each craftsman to earn a livelihood by the exercise of his trade. History repeated itself in the desire for self-preservation, and the Craft Guild became in time as exclusive as the older brotherhood had been. It need not be emphasized that among the excluded workers in those years there existed no semblance of organization, no means of enforcing legitimate demands. Still, these did not fail to take advantage of such opportunities as the times afforded to improve their conditions. The havoc wrought by the awful plague of 1348 afforded a unique opportunity for self-assertion. Taking advantage of the scarcity of labour created by the epidemic, they demanded increased wages. But the employers refused such increases and even prevailed upon Parliament to pass a law known as The Statute of Labourers (Anno. 25, Edward III, Statute 1, A.D. 1350). The preamble of this bill runs thus: Whereas late against the malice of servants, which were idle and not willing to serve after the pestilence without taking excessive wages, it was ordained by our Lord the King, and by assent of the prelates, earls, barons and others of his Council, that such manner of servants as well as men and women should be bound to serve, receiving salary and wages accustomed in places where they ought to serve, in the Twentieth year of the reign o2D0f the King that now is. The scale of wages was set forth for the various occupations, and the sheriffs, justices and mayors were authorized to enforce them. Note that this enactment fixed a maximum, not a minimum wage, for it aimed to prevent the worker from receiving more and the employer from paying more than the rates prevailing before the plague. The Statute, however, failed of its purpose, for wages increased despite the appeals of the employers for further legislation to keep them down.

About J a Walker

Sadly, at this time we simply can't offer you specifics of your Founder J a Walker. However this does not mean that individuals fail to work for my child variety. We all question you help us with this issue. If you have free time and need will profoundly enjoy in case you present to us the information you have. When getting these suggestions and info via end users concerning the The Canadian Magazine, Vol. 55 Founder J a Walker, most of us very first her check. When many of us ensure that just about all true, just write-up it. All of us understand why help along with many thanks beforehand.

Details Book

Author : J a Walker
Publisher : Forgotten Books
Data Published : 27 September 2015
ISBN : 133112252X
EAN : 9781331122524
Format Book : PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
Number of Pages : 534 pages
Age + : 5-9 years
Language : English
Rating :

Reviews The Canadian Magazine, Vol. 55

17 Comments Add a comment

Related eBooks Download

  • Jobs on the Move free pdfJobs on the Move

    In recent years. throughout Europe. increasing concerns have been raised about the relocation of production and jobs. Workers and unions in the EU-15 are worried about the rise of 'relocation' as it can lead to a massive exodus of well-paid jobs to countries with lower wages or less stringent labour regulations and a weakening of labour's bargaining position and thus to a downward spiral of wages and working conditions..

  • Wages in Foreign Countries free pdfWages in Foreign Countries

    Excerpt from Wages in Foreign Countries The present report on wages in leading European countries supplements the study of wages in Great Britain. France and Germany. published as Research Report No..

  • The Minimum Wage Revisited in the Enlarged EU free pdfThe Minimum Wage Revisited in the Enlarged EU

    This book provides in-depth and innovative analysis of the minimum wage in Europe. Labor economist Daniel Vaughan-Whitehead looks at its scope within the enlarged EU and poses the question of harmonization between the minimum wages of the individual member states --or even a common EU minimum wage..

  • Taxing Wages 2015 free pdfTaxing Wages 2015

    Taxing Wages provides unique information on the taxes paid on wages in OECD countries. It covers personal income taxes and social security contributions paid by employees.

  • Minimum Wages in Central and Eastern Europe free pdfMinimum Wages in Central and Eastern Europe

    Since the late 1980s. incomes have fallen sharply in most countries of Central and Eastern Europe. while unemployment and poverty rates have risen dramatically. The level of the minimum wage..

  • The Canadian Magazine, Vol. 55 free pdfThe Canadian Magazine, Vol. 55

    . Excerpt from The Canadian Magazine, Vol. 55: Toronto, May, 1920- The Legal Minimum Wage The idea of regulating wages bylaw is not in any sense a novel one nor peculiar to the period in which we live